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Wild Plant Raw Material

Bilberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Bilberry (Vaccinum myrtillus) is a European berry shrub very similar to the blueberry or huckleberry. Like many herbal supplements, the use of bilberry goes back centuries, with medicinal usage recorded as early as the beginning of the 16th century.

Bilberry’s modern usage began in earnest during World War II. The story is that British and US pilots began eating bilberries as part of their diet. They soon discovered a marked improvement in their night vision as they flew missions over Europe.

The bilberry, a relative of the cranberry, huckleberry, and American blueberry, is a plant with bright green leaves and bell-shaped flowers that grows wild, primarily in northern Europe.

The bilberry looks very much like a blueberry, but its flesh is darker – somewhere between deep purple and crimson – and its flavor is tarter.

The depth of color of the bilberry‘s flesh is caused by those anthocyanosides – also found in dark berries to varying degrees. The fruit also has antimicrobial tannins, which are found in purple grapes and dark teas.

Still, the dainty bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) continues to be an object of affection among scientists for its abundance of anthocyanosides, chemical compounds that have powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Bilberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Cranberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Cranberry (Vaccinium Oxycoccus) is a prostrate evergreen shrub, with oval leaves, red wheel-shaped corolla, and red berries, which occurs wild in peaty soil in the northern parts. It is extensively cultivated for its fruit, the principal species grown being V. macrocarpon, which yields larger fruit, and V. vitis-idcea, the lowbush cranberry. They are grown in natural or artificial bags which do not dry up in summer. The fruit is exported in considerable quantities, and is highly valued.

The cranberry was a sacred plant of the Druids. Cranberries are easily bottled and preserved whole. They may also be used to make jam, jelly, sauce, or tarts.

Wild plant raw material from Russia
The benefits of the berry are starting to seem endless. Cranberries have been used for years to effectively treat urinary tract infections.

Berries are an amazing group of fruits. The berry came up with an amazing assortment of plant chemicals called polyphenols, which are powerful antioxidants, to help neutralize the sun’s radiation to avoid damage to its tender flesh. A type of polyphenol called flavonoids give berries their dark coloring and confer health benefits on us when we eat them.

Cranberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Lingonberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Lingonberry, a member of the blueberry and cranberry plant family (Ericaceae), is a low-growing, perennial semi-evergreen woody shrub with relatively small berries. This native to arctic and subarctic regions of the world is widely distributed across cold climates of Northern hemisphere. It is also found in mountainous regions of central and southern Europe and Asia. Lingonberry’s natural habitat includes densely wooded areas, heath, grass moorland, raised bogs, rocky exposed cliffs, and mountain peaks.

Vaccinium vitis-idaea or lingonberry is known by several other common names including partridgeberry, foxberry, northern mountain cranberry, cowberry, wolf-berry, dry ground cranberry, rock cranberry, and ling berry among others. In parts of Scandinavia it’s also known as “tyttebaer”.

There are two types of lingonberry: the wild lingonberry, and its cultivated cousin. The wild lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus) generally produces one 1 crop per year in summer. These plants tend to be short (7 inches or less) and have single blooms. The cultivated lingonberry (V. vitis-idaea) produces 2 crops per year, summer (August) and fall (late October – mid-November). These plants range from 2 to 16 inches in height with branches 3-4 inches long. Leaves are bright green, oval and alternate. Lower leaf surfaces are matt below and covered with small black dots. New growth is covered with fine hairs. Plants may spread 3 feet in width, forming dense mats.
Lingonberry flowers on the previous year’s growth. Flowers are similar in shape to those of blueberry and may be white or pink in color. Lingonberries are bright to dark red in color. They are considered highly flavored but not as tart as cranberries.

Their high benzoic acid content gives them a long shelf life; 8 – 12 weeks in the refrigerator, and several years in the freezer. Unpicked ripe fruit may persist on plants into spring, birds permitting.

Wild plant raw material from Russia
Lingonberries are noted for surviving winter cold, summer heat, and windy exposures. Winter snow cover, however, is preferable. In areas where winter temperatures drop below 10 °F and snow cover is marginal, protect plants with straw much, floating row cover or overhead irrigation. Spring frost protection using floating row cover or over head irrigation may also be needed.

Lingonberries are rich in antioxidants, containing high levels of benzoic acid, vitamins A and C, and magnesium. Lingonberry extracts have several medicinal uses such as a component for cough syrups. They are also used for treatment of blood disorders and urinary tract infections.

Lingonberry - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Chaga mushroom - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Chaga (Inonotus Obliquus) is a wild mushroom, that grows on birch trees in extremely cold regions of northern latitudes including Baltic regions, Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska, and northern Canada, where temperatures fall below – 30 F for the 2-3 months per year required to sustain maximum growth and potency.

Chaga Mushroom grows naturally on birch trees. The Chaga Mushroom conk grows in cooperation with the tree over a 5 to 7 year period, thriving in the harsh winter environments, absorbing life-sustaining nutrients from the birch tree. Chaga Mushroom is classified as neither a plant nor animal. The DNA structure is thirty (30%) per cent more human than plant. Chaga Mushroom is classified scientifically as a Basidiomycetes mushroom and is far superior to the rest of 150 species of Basidiomycetes, that have been classified as medicinal mushrooms.

Wild plant raw material from Russia
Rather than soft like a mushroom, chaga is hard, almost as hard as wood. It is unique, nothing like common mushrooms. In fact, chaga is the most nutritionally dense of all tree growths. Known by the Siberians as the “Gift from God” and the “Mushroom of Immortality,” this vibrant growth has been used by humans to support health for thousands of years. The Japanese call it “The Diamond of the Forest,” while the Chinese deem it “King of Plants”. For the Chinese that is saying a lot, since they have an immense history with countless plants.

To survive in harsh climates, chaga concentrates natural compounds for its protection, and that is why it is so powerful. To strengthen the tree, as well as heal, it makes potent phytochemicals, including sterols, phenols, and enzymes. Researchers have inoculated sick trees with chaga to strengthen them. People benefit by consuming these forest-source phytochemicals and nutrients.

The chemical composition and useful properties of Chaga
Chaga is powerful, because it contains the nutrients – the force of actual trees. Because of their special, biologically potent substances, trees live long, far longer than herbs. Some trees live as long as 10,000 years or more. Thus, they are the most powerful living beings in the world. Concentrating this power, chaga contains numerous B vitamins, flavonoids, phenols, minerals, and enzymes. It is also one of the world’s densest sources of pantothenic acid, and this vitamin is needed by the adrenal glands as well as digestive organs. It also contains riboflavin and niacin in significant amounts.

In particular, it is highly rich in special phenols which are pigment-like. These phenolic compounds are known as chromogenic complex. Chaga can be up to 30% chromogenic complex by weight. The chromogenic complex is highly protective for all tissues and is only found in chaga. In the cream base this chromogenic complex is hightly protective of the skin. Rubbed on the skin it even helps people develop a tan, because it contains the pigment melanin, the same pigment responsible for dark-colored skin.

Chaga contains wild-source minerals and is particularly high in copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, and iron. Yet, its most potent ingredient is a special substance known as superoxide dismutase. This is an enzyme with great potency. Its function is to halt oxidation, especially the toxicity of a free radical known as singlet oxygen. This is the type of oxygen which is responsible for oxidizing and damaging the tissues, which results in aging. It is the same oxygen which rusts a nail.

Chaga is a health food which supports the entire system. The Siberians drink it daily. This is why they are long-lived. The chaga drinker lives 85 to 100 years, while the non chaga-drinking person, the Inuit, lives only about 50 years. This proves that natural phytochemicals, the ones found in chaga, do make a difference. Yet, there is more traditional use that offers evidence. Ancient Chinese regarded it as a longevity factor, which is why they deemed it the most complete of all growths. In much of Siberia, Russia, and Eastern Europe it is an essential beverage.

Wild chaga was found to be the most powerful adaptogen. An adaptogen is a substance which modifies the human body’s response to stress. In fact chaga was found to be the most powerful of all adaptogens. It is now believed that up to 80% of all diseases are mainly due to stress. Chaga is available in various and unique forms. Chaga gives you the strength that you need to function throughout the day.

Whole supplements like Chaga Mushroom, offer a complex balance of active compounds, delivery mineral structures, and co-agents, more effective to sustaining a healthy immune balance than synthesized isolated compounds.

Chaga mushroom - Wild plant raw material from Russia

Leuzea Carthamoides (Maral Root) - Wild plant raw material

Botanical description Leuzea (Rhaponticum carthamoides)
Leuzea (Maral Root) – herb of the family Asteraceae, rare and endangered plant with unique properties. Rhizome and roots with a specific smell. Flowers violet-purple, bisexual with a tubular extension in the upper part of the deep pyatinadrezannym whisk.

Natural raw materials from Russia
Leuzea grows in the subalpine zone at an altitude of 1700-2000 m above sea level, at least – in the alpine meadows, places of pine woodland forms a dense thicket. The most affordable place blanks is Seminskii pass (Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region). During harvesting – August – the first half of September.

The chemical composition and useful properties of Leuzea
Contains biostimulants – fitoehkdisteroidy and occupies a prominent place among other adaptogens in their ability to prevent the onset of many diseases, effectively shoot an extremely wide range of pathologies. The use of drugs levzei has no age and seasonal restrictions. Safety and no side effects when using them stood the test of time, five thousand years in the practice of Oriental Medicine. It is also important that they are perfectly combined with the classical drugs.

Leuzea (Maral Root) is valued because it contains fitoekdizonov – are compounds that increase protein synthesis responsible for its accumulation in muscle, liver, heart and kidneys. Besides, maral root contains alkaloids, carotene, ascorbic acid.

Leuzea Carthamoides (Maral Root) - Wild plant raw material

Fomitopsis officinalis - Wild plant raw material - Pharma Nature Beijing China

Fomitopsis officinalis – large tree-dwelling mushroom with medicinal and spiritual properties. Fomitopsis officinalis is a hefty, bracket fungus and can be found on the trunks of coniferous hosts, where it causes a brown-rot.

The fruiting bodies persist for many years, becoming longer and longer as they grow. This species occurs worldwide, and has gone by several common names including Agarikon, Quinine Conk, Larch Bracket Mushroom, Brown Trunk Rot and Eburiko. The large sporophores were documented over 2000 years ago by the Greek pharmacist Dioscorides, who recorded the mushroom’s effectiveness in treating Consumption, which we now know as Tuberculosis. Throughout the ages, early Europeans and Central Asians traditionally used this species for treatment of many ailments and infectious diseases, including coughing illnesses, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, bleeding, and infected wounds. The key pharmaceutically-active compound found in Fomitopsis officinalis is Agaricin (or agaric acid), a white, water-soluble powder that can be administered both orally and topically. Agaricin is an anhidrotic, anti-inflammatory, and parasympatholytic agent, and is now produced synthetically by many pharmaceutical companies.

Interestingly, the medicinal properties of Fomitopsis officinalis are believed to have been discovered independently by the isolated Indigenous People of North America. In North America, these fungi were referred to as “bread of ghosts” or “tree biscuits,” references to the spiritual powers of the mushroom and its hanging fruiting bodies. The mushroom was an important resource for Shamans, who would apply Fomitopsis officinalis powder to cure ailments thought to be caused by supernatural forces.

These fungi were not only utilized for their medicinal properties, but were also valued as spiritual and supernatural objects. The large fruiting body structures were often carved to represent various spiritual figures and spirit catchers, as assumed by the large orifices in the mouth and stomach. These carved figures were often hung from the ceiling of special dance houses of the Shaman to protect the people during rituals. Because of the key role Fomitopsis officinalis played in the life of the Shaman, it was only natural that the mystical fungi should accompany him in the afterlife. The sporophores were carved as jewelry, painted or sometimes coated in a protective substance and placed at the head of the shaman’s grave site, to serve as his “grave guardians”. These grave guardians not only protected the shaman’s burial site, but also warned people of the area that the site was occupied by spirits and should never be approached.

Many of these grave guardian artifacts, collected by explorers and archeologists in the late nineteenth century, were originally believed to be made of wood. It was only recently, when investigating wood deterioration in these “wooden” artifacts, scientists realized the grave guardians were in fact a fungus. Fruiting bodies of Fomitopsis officinalis are perennial: Each year (or so) a new layer of spore-producing tubes grows at the bottom of the conk. In the past, these the tube layers had apparently been mistaken for the annual growth rings of a tree. Microscopic examination of the hymenial layers revealed the fungal origins of the grave guardians. These artifacts can now be found in the collections of several North American museums. As for the great Fomitopsis officinalis, although once common throughout most temperate regions of the world, it is now believed extinct in most of Europe and Asia. However, it can still be found deep within the old-growth forests of Washington, Oregon and British Columbia in the Pacific Northwest, and modern-day mycophiles continue to stress the importance of this valuable and historic polypore.

Rhodiola Rosea - Natural Raw Materials from Russia

Rhodiola Rosea (Golden Root, Rose Root) – a very valuable plant for medicinal purposes. A perennial herb of the family Crassulaceae. Square thick, shiny, pearly, it was his golden color was the reason that this plant with a huge list of useful medical properties of steel called golden root.

Botanical description of golden root
Plant with one stalk rare. Leaf sessile, oblong-ovate, elliptical, pointed, the upper part has teeth. Corymbose inflorescences are composed of multiple flowers are yellow. Efflorescence – the beginning or the middle of summer. Fruit in the form of leaflets greenish ripen in August.

Chemical composition and useful properties of golden root
As for medical purposes used exclusively roots of Rhodiola rosea, it is this part of the plant has become the subject of attention of many scientists. Most valuable as a medicinal plant are considered roots harvested during the second half of July to mid-August, and only large, but having no more than two stems of plants. Properties of golden root defined in its composition unique in its quality essential oils, mineral elements, including phosphorus, iron, magnesium, manganese, etc.., Tyrosol, antraglikozidy, tannins, flavonoids, lipids, and a large number of organic acids – oxalic, citric , malic, Galloway, succinic, and glucose and fructose.

Natural vegetable raw materials from Russia
Renowned medicinal plant, resembling in its properties ginseng root, spread over the territory of Russia is much more of his no less famous brother, although it is considered rare. It is listed in the Red Book of Russia in the third category, is protected in many places free of growth – in the Altai, in Yakutia, Eastern Siberia, the Far East and in parts of the White and Barents Seas. This adaptogen does not require a lot of light and heat, but can not live without water, needs abundant water flow proceeds.

The use of Golden Root
Siberian ginseng or Rhodiola rosea stimulates dynamic and static work of human organs and systems. Fatigue on a background of increased load is removed using drugs Rhodiola, it is able to quickly improve energy metabolism, oxidative processes and activating phosphorylation. Improving mental performance improves memory and attention. In addition, it treats cardiovascular, skin and gastrointestinal disorders, gout, diabetes, anemia, impotence.
Stimulating and restorative tonic for fatigue, after somatic and infectious diseases, functional disorders of the nervous system. Activates the function of the thyroid gland and gonads. Has a choleretic effect. Especially recommended for people with reduced vitality. For a stimulating effect exceeds Eleutherococcus. Contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes. When an external application (lotion on the wound, rinse) has anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect.

Traditional Chinese medicine is rapidly advancing onto the world stage as a medicine that has endured through time and history to assuage the ills of humankind and assist in the prevention of further diseases and imbalances of health. Chinese herbal medicine is notable for its sophistication in addressing clinical concerns while remedying an individual’s particular needs. Thousands of years old, the herbal medicine tradition remains a vibrant player in today’s health field.

Chinese herbal medicine is a medical system that has evolved empirically over many thousands of years, with countless millions contributing to its development and systemisation. Its’ roots reach back to the very dawn of history, when all manner of methods, including trial and error played a roll in the gradual amassment of the myriad facts that have passed down to us today.

Arsenal of raw material used in Chinese medicine, has more than two thousand titles. Not less than three-quarters of this amount is raw material of plant origin – different roots, flowers, herbs, fruits or bark; the rest falls on raw material of animal and mineral origin. Even this can be seen how important place is occupied by herbs in Chinese traditional medicine. This is facilitated by the fact that China’s grow a variety of medicinal plants.
Experience of using raw material stockpiled in China for several thousand years. In the Tang period (018-909 BC) due to the fact that the collection of wild medicinal herbs could not meet the increased demand, the need arose in the cultural cultivation of these plants. In that period, China emerged plantation of medicinal herbs and other medicinal plants. However, despite the great therapeutic value of many drugs, effectiveness and properties of some of them were until recently studied the methods of modern science.

Currently, medicinal plants, used for centuries in Chinese traditional medicine, have become quite widely used in the clinic and in an outpatient setting. In this regard, there is a need in a very detailed study of the efficacy and pharmacological action of these drugs through clinical observations and experimental studies. There are currently unable to determine a more precise therapeutic effect only about 200 species of medicinal plants.