Go to Top

Raw material for cutting bone

One of the most well-known, valuable and rare material to create carvings of noble varieties of bone is Walrus Angle. This durable, beautiful and flexible material is easily polished. Especially valuable Walrus Angle attached to its natural color. Pleasant milky eyes is beautiful in itself. Therefore, Walrus Angle not bleach or dye further before thread. Has a heterogeneous structure. On an oval face section of the canine is possible to distinguish several layers. A thin layer of dense white enamel, dentin, and then uniform inside – cellular yellowish pulp. She often has hidden cracks. The outer surface of the canine usually has a number of longitudinal cracks, “earned” during the life of a walrus. The color of Walrus Angle is either pure white or slightly yellow. Less common are stained fangs that had lain a few tens or even hundreds of years in the soil. They usually have a brownish-greenish hues and are valued higher “fresh”. Length of Walrus Angle is usually 30-70 cm., Weight 1-5 kg., But there are instances of up to one meter. Walrus Angle versatile as raw material for cutting bone.

Walrus angle - Raw material for cutting bone - Pharma Nature Beijing China

Mammoth (Eletphas antiquus), an extinct fossil elephant. It differs little in anatomical structure from existing members of the same genus and, like them, was a large animal with a height of from nine to eleven feet. But it had a thick covering of dark-brown hair, and is known to have fed on the shoots of coniferous trees. Great numbers of mammoth skeletons have heen unearthed in Europe, but chiefly in North Siberia and on the Arctic coasts, where they have been preserved in the frozen soil. The tusks of the mammoth are sometimes more than ten feet long. In the south of Europe the mammoth was contemporaneous with cave man, and rude but spirited sketches of it have been found engraved on ivory.

Ivory, the name given to the variety of dentine composing the prolonged incisors or tusks of elephants. These teeth grow to a great site, single specimens sometimes weighing over two hundred pounds, and possess the peculiarity that they spring from permanent pulps, and continue to grow as long as the animal lives.
The price of Mammoth Ivory varies, the largest being the most valuable. At one time it was feared that the supply of Mammoth ivory would soon run out, but it appears that the native tribes store their Mammoth Ivory, and possess tho produce of centuries. They barter with the traders the so-called ‘dead’ ivory from the bottom of the pile, so that the ‘live’ ivory of elephants recently killed (which commands a higher price) forms but a small portion of the supply.
The uniformity and fineness of the texture of Mammoth Ivory, its mellow tints and delicate translucency, its very perfect elasticity, and the readiness with which it adapts itself to the carver’s art, are among the many valuable qualities that have for ages given it its unique position as a material for all sorts of articles, instruments, and ornaments. Many attempts have been made to find a satisfactory substitute for Mammoth ivory, but with only partial success. Celluloid, though a material in some respects even superior to ivory, serves but a limited purpose; and no substitute will take the peculiar polish of ivory. Vegetable ivory comes into commerce under the name of “corozo nuts”, the hard, white, potato-sized seeds of a palm-like tree that grows in the low hot valleys of the Andes. The “nuts” are used for buttons and small fancy articles of turnery.

Mammoth Ivory - Raw material for cutting bone