Maral Hard Horns
Maral (Cervus elaphus sibiricus) – a family of mammals, annual reset and re-grow a less massive (up to 25 kg) body like a horn. This is a unique example of a higher animal body, which has been repeatedly completely restored. At the same time with incredible speed grow all kinds of fabrics – leather, connective tissue, cartilage, bone, blood vessels and nerves. It requires a lot of strength and a high concentration of substances that can maintain and regulate this complex process.
As acknowledged by the International Association of antlers, antlers Altai maral are most active in the world. The rapid growth of antlers begins in the spring in April and May during the high hormonal activity of the animal and ends in June. Late in the autumn, after the rut, the male maral resets ossified horns, and the following spring the cycle repeats. Antlers are cut red deer in the spring and summer.
Maral antlers can be used as a therapeutic raw materials from the third year of the deer. Complete its development deer reaches 6 – 7 years old, his antlers every year becomes more important and more processes. Adult maral antlers have up to six or eight, sometimes up to ten shoots on each branch.
Each appendix has its own name: the first supraorbital second supraorbital ice, medium, wolf, front main, rear. Upon the occurrence of full maturity horns on fork stop and subsequently maintain a constant number of processes. Old deer is considered aged 13-15 years old deer antlers are not as rich in blood and dosage strength of their much weaker.
Maral antlers are made up of 3 main layers. Exterior – normal skin, covered with a velvety nap. An external layer – a layer of fibrous connective tissue. This layer is penetrated by a large number of blood vessels, providing a growing Panthou extra food. The central part is filled with so-called “brain matter” is a precious embryonic connective tissue with cartilaginous inclusions and numerous blood vessels. In the medulla there are embryonic stem cells, and has its own centers of hematopoiesis.
Raw materials for traditional Chinese medicine
A study of Maral antlers as a medicinal plant began long ago. Many researchers, highlighting the main biologically active substance antlers, convinced over time that because of the drop, as it seemed to them unnecessary lost most of the components of the original substance of red deer antlers, and secrete a substance bears only a small part their biological activity, and significantly inferior in efficiency of the starting material. Scientists for many years have carefully studied the biochemical composition as antlers and blood Maral.